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The San Dieguito People
B.P. 8000 to B.P. 3000

The La Jollan Culture
B.P. 3000 to A.D. 1

The Kumeyaay Period in Mission Trails Regional Park
1100 BC - 1822

The Spanish Period

The Mexican Period

The American Period

Mining in Mission Gorge

George A. Cowles

Ranching and Farming

Military Uses

Early Recreational Uses

A Park is Born
1960 to present

Mission Trails Regional Park Task Force
1977 to present

Mission Trails Regional Park Citizens' Advisory Committee
1977 to present

Mission Trails Regional Park Foundation, Inc.
1988 to present

Mission Trails Regional Park Fdn. Board, Staff and Advisors
February 2014

George A. Cowles

Cowles Mountain (pronounced 'kohls') got its name from George A. Cowles, one of San Diego's early prominent ranching pioneers. George Cowles settled in the El Cajon valley in 1877. He purchased approximately 4,000 acres of land comprising two ranch sites about a mile apart; Woodside Ranch and Magnolia Ranch. He planted a variety of fruit trees, grapevines, olives, grains and potatoes. Cowles' products gained nationwide attention for San Diego's farming potential, particularly in fruits and vines. He also raised thoroughbred horses and cattle. The community that developed around his 'Woodside' ranch became known as Cowlestown. George Cowles died in 1887, leaving his estate to his widow Jennie. Jennie Cowles continued ranching into the 1890's. She married Milton Santee in 1890 and moved to the City of San Diego. Cowlestown officially became Santee in 1893, named for Jennie's second husband, a real estate developer. -- Information from 'Cowles Mountain' written by Bill White, Mission Trails Regional Park Volunteer.

encompasses nearly 5,800 acres of both natural and developed recreational acres Its rugged hills, valleys and open areas represent a San Diego prior to the landing of Cabrillo in San Diego Bay in 1542.
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